Medical Ostraca of Deir el-Medina This wood and leather prosthetic toe was used by an amputee to facilitate walking The records and ostraca from Deir el-Medina provide a deeply compelling view into the medical workings of the New Kingdom.
The thinness of the walls suggests that there were no upper stories, though the flat roofs were accessible by stairs. Walls were made of mudbrick, built on top of stone foundations. In January permission was granted to a local Qurna resident, Salam Abu Duji, along with his 3 associates, to excavate at Deir el-Medina.
The possibility of inserting windows in sidewalls did not exist as most of the houses shared these walls with neighbouring habitations. Lifting a trapdoor in the dais one could descend a stair into a cellar, the safest place in the house where valuables could be kept.
The average house size was about 4m by 20m, the smallest houses measured 13m by 4m, while the largest, probably belonging to foremen, were up to 6 metres wide and 27 metres long.
Entering a house from the three metre wide street one descended a few steps. Another door led from the hall to a small corridor and to the kitchen which was not properly roofed over, but had just a covering of branches to give the cooks shade and let the smells escape.
All the photos accompanying the "History of excavation" come from the area in the southeast corner of the main Ptolemaic temple enclosure. In front of a false door there might be a table with symbolic or real offerings.
No signs of a bathroom or a fixed toilet have been found. A world-wide group of scholars continues to study a wide range of topics relating to all matters concerning Deir el-Medina.
In he excavated a small chapel situated within the northwest part of the enclosure wall of the main Ptolemaic temple Bomann, Stela depicting workers adoring divinities point to their deep religiosity.
There may also have been a table for preparing food, but most of the activity took place on the ground, with people kneeling or crouching.
A monastery, or deir, was established there.
A positive response could have been made by a downward dip and a negative by a withdrawal of the litter. Typically this room would be furnished with at least a chair for the master of the house and a number of stools for guests or family members, one ore more tables and perhaps a chest see furniture.
Most of the social and official activities took place in this room. Moreover, the village was rather cut off, and it must have been difficult for a man to replace a wife who had died.
In order to record the remarkable information the tombs held, he opened several tombs there. Among his finds were: During he excavated the chapel of Seti I. The houses within the enclosure wall were all built in blocks - no space was left between them and two adjoining houses shared a wall.
In principle any Egyptian could petition the vizier and could demand a trial by his peers. The village was about 50 metres wide by metres long when it reached its final extent at the beginning of the 19th dynasty,[ 4 ] and completely enclosed by a wall.
From Tomb at Deir el-Medina, Egypt. In the 3rd century BC Ptolemy IV Philopater built a temple dedicated to Hathor and Maat at the northern side of the former village, on the site of the earlier chapels and shrines and opposite the small temple of Amun.
The chair of the master of the house stood on a little dais. The houses, most of them roughly the same size, were chiefly built of stone.
This was unusual in pharaonic Egypt and due to the settlements distance from the banks of the Nile, where mud was available for the production of bricks. Its use is uncertain; some think it may have been a kind of altar.
The vast majority of women who had a particular religious status embedded in their names were married to foremen or scribes and could hold the titles of chantress or singer with official positions within local shrines or temples, perhaps even within the major temples of Thebes.
Possibly most of them slept on mattresses which could be rolled up and put away when not in use. Mud was applied to the walls which were then painted white on the external surfaces with some of the inner surfaces whitewashed up to a height of around one metre.
They were a community of craftsmen, painters, masons, scribes, and sculptors, together with their families. As the man was often away for the whole work week, the overcrowding was not quite as bad most of the time. The living space per person seems to have been between five and fifteen square metres.Deir el Medina was at quite a distance from the tombs the artisans were working on.
They therefore often erected temporary housing of unhewn stone closer to the tombs, the largest among them, referred to by archaeologists as station de repos (rest station), was halfway between Deir el Medina and the Valley of the Kings, others were situated.
En Deir el Medina, se levantó un pueblo que sirvió de residencia a trabajadores y artesanos que fueron los que hicieron realidad los sueños de algunos de los faraones más importantes del Antiguo Egipto en el Imperio Nuevo.
Deir El Medina. A arqueóloga Anne Austin, da Universidade de Stanford, Califórnia, EUA, que atualmente lidera as escavações na vila de Deir el-Medina, tem-se dedicado a estudar a saúde do Antigo Egito a partir da análise de múmias e textos antigos.
Deir el-Medina is one of the best preserved ancient settlements in the whole of Egypt. It is situated in a small secluded valley in the shadow of the Theban hills, on the west bank of the Nile, across from modern-day Luxor in Upper Egypt.
but the site of Deir el-Medina continued to be used extensively for both religious and mortuary purposes until as late as the 8th century AD. deir, was established there. Deir el-Medina thus survived its shift in function from a primarily habitational to a.
Este es un plano de Deir el-Medina, pensad que Deir el-Medina tiene una superficie aproximada de unos 5, metros cuadrados más o menos, es decir, muy similar a la superficie que ocupa la gran sala hipóstila de Karnak.Download